Eczema is a common and chronic inflammatory skin disease. It occurs in about 1 in 10 people during their lifetime. Eczema is the worst thing that is being hated in a skincare routine. When it occurs, the skin becomes itchy, reddened, flaky, and dry. Scratching can damage the skin and cause infection. Eczema can occur at any age, but usually first develops as a child. While concerned with skincare, you should know about it and its treatment.
There are 5 types of Eczema which are discussed below.
1. Atopic Dermatitis:
It is the most common form. Atopic dermatitis usually first occurs in infancy, and other forms of eczema can occur as adults. Atopic dermatitis is often associated with inherited seasonal allergies and asthma.
2. Seborrheic Dermatitis:
It is also a common type of eczema, manifested in the form of dandruff or scalp dermatitis. In addition, seborrheic dermatitis can occur on the face, ears, body, and local areas.
3. Contact Dermatitis:
It is a type of eczema, skin with this type can cause inflammation or rash when it touches certain products or chemicals.
4. Hand Eczema:
This type can severely degrade the body’s functions and is often difficult to treat. Hand eczema usually begins with symptoms of very itchy bumps on the fingers and palms, sometimes on the feet. When this or scratching, it often turns into blisters and bursts into boils or scabs. Walking on the feet can be painful.
5. Coin-Shaped Eczema:
Coin-shaped eczema, also called monetary eczema, looks good on the arms and legs. This type is more common in adults or the elderly in winter, as the skin of the limbs tends to dry out with age.
How Eczema is caused?
The causes of eczema include genetic and environmental factors. People who are prone to eczema often inherit genetically dry skin. The skin acts as a protective barrier that allows water to enter and prevents allergens and bacteria from entering. However, when the skin dries, it cannot function as a barrier. Even a slight trauma to the skin causes inflammation, causing itching and rash.
It is common in winter when the weather is dry and cold. Stress is also a major cause of eczema. Other factors that often cause include fever, sweat, and rough clothing. In addition, dry skin is susceptible to contact dermatitis because it is very sensitive to the fragrances and preservatives in skincare products.
Can eczema be cured at home in a natural way?
It is important to have a healthy skincare habit because eczema often disappears and recurs. Because the underlying cause is dry skin, care for your skin every day is essential to prevent it.
It is recommended to shower or bathe daily, but avoid contact with water to less than 10 minutes and avoid hot water as it will dry your skin. Use soap only on your armpits and topical areas. Soap removes the skin’s natural oil, so it doesn’t need to be used throughout the body. After showering, pat yourself dry with a towel and do not rub or wipe with a towel. When water remains on the skin, apply a powerful moisturizer from head to toe.
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Which products should you use for eczema?
In general, use products without fragrances and preservatives. Avoid foaming products when showering, and use eczema-only soap or sensitive skin-only soap. Wash your face with a mild cleanser rich in cream, or cleanse with a cleansing lotion that can effectively remove dirt and makeup and has less irritation to the skin.
Moisturizers and skin softeners are usually darker formulas or ointments, which are best for moisturizing the skin. Ceramide ( Ceramides) is easy to lack of natural lipids to the skin caused eczema. Moisturizers containing ceramide are more effective in rebuilding the skin barrier. Also, look for specialized products for sensitive or eczema skin. The reason is that such products are usually odourless and less irritating.
Advice on daily life and lifestyle for eczema management
Avoid rubbing your skin as much as possible. When the skin is physically rubbed, it causes microscopic damage to the skin, resulting in eczema or recurrence of the existing rash. If wool, rough materials or fabrics come into contact with your skin, you are more likely to scratch it. Wear breathable cotton clothing instead of clothing using these materials.
For skincare, exfoliate only 2-3 times a month. Retinol and alpha-hydroxy acid products should be used with caution. These ingredients tend to make the skin dry. If this is your first time, when dermatitis is gone, start using it only a few times a week at first, then increase the number of times to see if it develops resistance. Discontinue use if eczema recurs.
Itching often worsens at night. Lowering the temperature in the bedroom will lessen itching. Do not warm the blanket. Heat exacerbates itching and makes the skin dry. During the winter, putting a humidifier next to the bed will help keep the bedroom humid.
Scratching when the skin is very itchy can make itching worse and cause a rash. Instead of scratching the itchy , calm and dry itching with a 10-15 minute colloidal oatmeal bath. The chill not only soothes the inflamed skin, but also disperses the nerves so that itching is less noticeable.
People with good eczema should keep in mind that washing their hands frequently can irritate their skin. Applying a hand cream immediately after washing your hands can help. It is also helpful to protect your hands by wearing rubber gloves in advance when washing dishes or when you need to touch chemicals.
Diet and Eczema
These both are controversial topics. To date, no studies have demonstrated a direct causal relationship between certain foods and eczema. People with both severe eczema and seasonal allergic symptoms often have food allergies, but the reaction system is not immunologically identical.
Foods that cause allergies should be avoided to prevent anaphylaxis, but eating them does not necessarily mean eczema. Limiting food intake is not recommended unless there is a clear link between eating certain foods and the rash, especially for small children and babies. A balanced diet rich in healthy fats and proteins is generally good for your body. Avoiding inflammatory foods, such as foods with high blood sugar index or processed foods, can help.
Clinical studies of eczema patients a daily probiotic to found that symptoms improved intake. Fish oil, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, can help with skin reconstruction and anti-inflammatory properties.
When should you go to a dermatologist to treat eczema?
Skin with eczema is often infected with bacteria. If you have pain in your skin, pus coming out and the scab sits down, look for a dermatologist as it may be a sign of infection. In addition to examining and treating skin infections, dermatologists can prescribe medications to soothe inflamed skin. Finally, if careful skincare and home treatment have failed, the dermatologist can provide additional advice and treatment.